Frostbite is an injury caused by freezing of skin and underlying tissue when we have exposure to extreme colds without precautions. Initially, your skin becomes very cold and red, that ultimately becomes numb (senseless), and pale due to the damage to nerves and related structures. The most common sites of frostbite injury are fingertips, toes, cheeks, ears and chin. Any site exposed to extreme cold is vulnerable to frostbite. When a cold injury is extensive and involves the large area of the body, obviously you need medical attention and care. But, in early stages of frostbite, when changes are not permanent, you can stop or even reverse the noxious damages by certain simple steps. So, you just have to learn to combat such injuries at home whenever you got stung by frost.
Least You Must Know About Frostbite
Certain symptoms tell that you have become the victim of frostbite. Like your skin becomes cold, pale and you have prickling feeling alongside. Later, numbness, red skin, bluish white or greyish skin and hard or waxy looking skin are the chief symptoms. Blistering may occur before or after rewarming injured area. Overall, frostbite is temporarily (frostnip), superficial or deep depending on the severity.
Time To Undo Frost Injury With Home Remedies
Medical care becomes necessarily in most cases of frostbite but you do not possess such cares or facilities all the time at all places. You must know how to deal with it on your own as soon as possible to minimize the damage.
Do Not Try To Rewarm With Extreme Heat
The first step that always comes in your mind is to rewarm your skin from a heat source. Do not make this mistake. Direct heat source like a campfire, fireplace or a lamp can actually burn your damaged skin without you knowing.
Use Your Own Body Heat
The best way is to use your own body heat to rewarm the frostbitten areas especially if hands and fingers are damaged. Putting hands in your armpits is a popular way. You can roll your body into a curl shape to produce more warmth.
Do Not Wet
Do not try to wet your frostbitten hand or other body areas with running water. This increase heat loss and even worsens the symptoms.
Drinking alcohol does not warm your body but actually it increases body heat loss. So you have to avoid alcohol in such circumstances to pocket your body heat. Similarly, smoking inhibits peripheral blood circulation and warmth process. You also need to abandon it.
Put On Gloves Immediately
The best and easy way to rewarm your hands, ears or nose etc. is to put on gloves immediately. Remember, gloves must be dry. You can warm your gloves or clothing by placing near the fire or lamp indirectly.
Rolling Warm Water Bottles
Fill up a plastic soda bottle with warm water and roll it back and forth under your feet and palm to rewarm the frostbitten toes and fingers.
Warm Water Bath
After first aid or initial treatment for frostbite is completed, now is the time to bathe the affected body parts in warm water to increase blood circulation and warmth.
Alternate Hot And Cold Compresses
Prepare a hot compress and an ice cold compress as you can stand it. Now, apply the hot compress for three minutes and alternate it with ice cold compress for 30 seconds. Repeat 3-4 times ending with a cold compress.
Cayenne Pepper & Ginger Tea
Cayenne pepper and ginger both have a component with the properties to enhance blood circulation in our body. So use cayenne pepper with your food and a cup of ginger tea to increase circulation and relieve pain associated with frostbite. You can also drink rose hip tea for the very same purpose.
Cover With Banana Peel
Cover the frostbitten area with fresh banana peel and it will reduce the inflammation and pain. It also starts the healing process.
Aloe Vera Extracted Gel
Get freshly extracted aloe vera gel and paint the affected skin area with it. Aloe vera is very efficient in curing frostbite injury and it also helps with pain and inflammation.